Crabapple photo

Wild Edible and Medicinal Plant Harvest Calendar for Ohio

In an effort to expand the knowledge of wild plants for edible and medicinal uses, I will be recording when I find useful plant parts in season here in NE Ohio. I will be updating harvest times with better accuracy as I’m able to gather my data. My primary goal here is to record seasonal availability, something I don’t see much of, as it is often regionally dependent.

I invite your comments, criticisms, and suggestions to my “harvest calendar”, we are all students and teachers.

Disclaimer: this post is not an aid for plant identification, nor is this a reference for the recommendation of what plants to eat or use. This calendar simply shows the time of year when certain plant parts are in season. Use at your own discretion.

Specific region of coverage: Northeast Ohio

Greater region of coverage: Eastern Woodlands / United States / North America

Common Name Scientific Name Part to Harvest* Season**
* Part to Harvest – I will refer to plant parts simply as: roots, stems, leaves, flowers, buds, fruit, berries, seeds, and nuts.

** Season – as a guidance, goes as such: Spring (Mar-April-May), Summer (June-July-Aug), Fall (Sept-Oct-Nov), Winter (Dec-Jan-Feb)

Locally Affirmed – considered to be more accurate than non-affirmed estimations.

Apples Malus pumila Fruit Fall
Black Walnut Juglans nigra Nut Fall
Blackberry Rubus (many species) Berries Summer
Cattail Typha Stems, Leaves, Fruit, Seeds Year Round
Chickweed Stellaria media Leaves, Flowers Spring-Fall
Chicory Cichorium intybus Root Fall-Spring
Chinese Lantern Physalis alkekengi Berries  
Clover, Red Trifolium pratense Flowers, Leaves Spring-Fall
Clover, White Trifolium repens Flowers, Leaves Spring-Fall
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara Leaves, Flowers, Root  
Coneflower Echinacea Leaves, Flowers, Buds Spring-Summer
Crabapple Malus (many species) Fruit Fall
Curly Dock Rumex crispus Stalks (peeled), Leaves (leached) Spring-Fall
Dandylion Taraxacum officinale Flower, Leaves, Roots Spring-Summer
Dewberry, Common Rubus flagellaris Berries Summer
Dewberry, Upland Rubus invisus Berries Summer
Fiddlehead Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Stem, Leaves Spring
Grapes, Wild Vitaceae Fruit Summer (late)-Fall (mid)
Grapes, Wild Vitaceae Leaves Spring-Fall
Hickory Carya Nut Fall
Lamb’s Ear Stachys byzantina Leaves  
Mallow, Common Malva neglecta Entire Plant  
Mallow, High Malva sylvestris Entire Plant  
Maple Acer Sap Spring
Maple Acer Seeds Spring
Mayapple Podophyllum Fruit Summer (late)
Milkweed, Common Asclepias syriaca Fruit Summer
Oak Quercus Nut (leached) Fall
Onion Grass Allium vineale Entire Plant Spring-Fall
Pine, White Pinus strobus Leaves Year Round
Plantain, Broadleaf Plantago major Leaves Spring-Fall
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Leaves Spring-Fall
Ramps Allium tricoccum Entire Plant Spring (early-mid)
Raspberry, Black Rubus occidentalis Fruit Spring (late)-Summer
Raspberry, Red Rubus strigosus Fruit Spring (late)-Summer
Rose Rosa (many species) Leaves Spring (mid)-Fall
Rose Rosa (many species) Fruit Summer (late)-Fall
Sassafras Sassafras tzumu
Sassafras randaiense
Roots Year Round
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Leaves Spring-Fall
Spruce Picea (many species) Buds Spring (mid-late)†
Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina Berries Summer (mid)-Fall (early)†
Strawberry, Common Fragaria virginiana Berries Summer
Strawberry, wild Fragaria vesca Berries Summer
Wood Sorrel Oxalis Flowers, Leaves Spring-Fall

Recommended Edible & Medicinal Plant Books

4 thoughts on “Wild Edible and Medicinal Plant Harvest Calendar for Ohio

    1. Unfortunately, I don’t spend enough in that area to collect the data for a project like this. An internet database would be cool but that’s beyond my skill set. But the reality is the times I’ve noted for these plants shouldn’t be more than 2 weeks earlier start times due to the relative proximity of southern Ohio to northern Ohio.

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